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Table 1 Prevalence of comorbidities in asthmatics and risk of developing stroke

From: Asthma and stroke: a narrative review

Comorbidity Prevalence in asthma patients Risk of stroke in non-asthmatics
Hypertension 12–40% [55] in treated controlled group aHR was 2.21 (95% CI, 1.01–4.82), in untreated hypertension group 2.55 (95% CI, 1.93–3.37), in treated uncontrolled group 4.30 (95% CI, 3.16–5.85) [56]
CAD 7.2–12.9% [57, 58] HR of 1.8 (95% CI, 1.03–3.43) [59]
Atrial fibrillation 3.8–8.95% [60, 61] aHR 3.13 (95% CI, 1.50–6.56) [62]
Obesity 21–48% [63,64,65,66] OR 1.57, (95% CI,1.28–1.94) [67]
Diabetes mellitus 8.4%-31.1 [68, 69] aHR 1.75, 95% CI, 1.64–1.86) [67]
OSAS 40–50% [70, 71] HR 2.52, (95% CI, 1.04–6.01) [72]
GERD 25.4–82% [73, 74] 1.68-times more likely (95% CI, 1.03–2.76) [75]