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Table 3 Psychological State and Parents and Peer Relations in asthma and healthy controls

From: A nationwide study of asthma correlates among adolescents in Saudi Arabia

  All Non-Asthmatic Asthmatic  
(n = 11,348) % (n = 10,412) % (n = 936) % p-value
Frequentlya felt sad or down for more than 2 weeks (12 months) 1601 (14.4) 1443 (14.1) 158 (17.2) 0.01
Ever sought help for feeling down (12 months) 920 (8.3) 809 (7.9) 111 (12.1) < 0.001
Having > 1 sibling 1103 (11.8) 997 (11.6) 106 (14.1) 0.04
Perception of relation with father as average 9334 (84.7) 8562 (84.7) 772 (85.2) 0.66
Perception of relation with mother as average 10,329 (93.1) 9487 (93.2) 842 (91.9) 0.15
Frequently feels worried 743 (6.7) 677 (6.6) 66 (7.2) 0.52
Been bullied at least once 3499 (31.5) 3152 (30.9) 347 (37.5) < 0.001
Was a bully at least once 4081 (36.7) 3671 (36.0) 410 (44.5) < 0.001
  1. a: most of the times or always